Tips for laying and decorating the fireplace
Tips for laying and decorating the fireplace Laying of the fireplace is an interesting, but rather time-consuming procedure that requires a responsible attitude and a reserve of patience. The quality, structural strength and durability of the future home hearth depends largely on the correct materials and work technology. Consider this question in more detail.
What brick to use for the fireplace? For the arrangement of outdoor masonry fireplaces used solid red brick and rubble stone.
The brick must be solid, with smooth surfaces and edges, without chips and cracks, have a uniform red-orange color. The internal part of the fireplace (firebox) is laid out of heat-resistant materials, such as refractory bricks or concrete blocks, connected in a monolithic structure by means of a specially prepared solution. So, go to the issue of mortar.
Mortar for fireplace laying. A feature of this solution is the dosage of its ingredients. In the final form, it is a cement-sand-sand mass with a minimum cement content: a cement-sand mixture is initially prepared in a proportion of approximately 1: 8; after that, clay slurry is added and the whole “cocktail” is mixed until a homogeneous mass is formed. We proceed, strictly speaking, to the process of laying the fireplace.
The peculiarity of this type of work is that each row of the structure is first laid dry, the bricks adjust as precisely as possible to each other. In addition, immediately before laying each brick should be kept in water for 5-10 seconds (refractory bricks simply rinse with dust). The laying of the row begins with corner bricks, the horizontal and vertical joints are filled with mortar completely, but without fanaticism – the excess mortar is carefully removed. An important detail: the laying of the fireplace perform strictly order, that is, do not go to the next level until the previous row is completely finished!
In order to achieve the desired strength and durability of the hearth, metal parts should be used as little as possible in the design. If the installation of doors and gratings is planned, it is necessary to foresee the property of metal expansion during the heating process. Therefore, the installation of such elements is performed with a gap of 5-10 mm in order to avoid the destruction of the brickwork. Facing and decorating the outer part of the fireplace can be performed with almost any building materials. Fireplaces decorated with marble and malachite look beautiful, tiling and wooden products decorate comfort, forged metal elements give grace and a certain aristocratic design. That’s basically it!